The Dolphins (Delphinidae), regularly called "oceanic" Dolphins, are a family of Cetacean odontocetis (that have teeth), that embrace almost 34 species.
At Dolphin Discovery, our Dolphins are the bottled nose (Tursiops truncatus). These Dolphins can swim at speeds of 5-11 km/h (3-6 knots); in a short time, they can reach a maximum speed of 35 km/h (21 knots). Their length is between 2 and 9 meters, with a streamline body, an elongated nose and only one spiracle at the top of the head (respiratory hole).
Each 5-8 minutes, the Dolphins must emerge to breathe using their spiracle; for that reason their sleeping margin is really light.
They live in groups of 12 animals called pods; these are long lasting social units. Typically a group of females and its offspring
live together in a pod for many years.
Some Dolphins have rescued swimmers in danger, bringing them back to the surface; this loyalty behavior is also toward the members of their pod. In November, 2004, in New Zeland: a great white shark approached 3 lifeguards that were swimming 100 yards
from the coast of Whangarei. Then a group of dolphins – detecting danger- strongly gathered around the lifeguards for 40 minutes
protecting them from the shark attack.
The males can reach reproductive maturity at the age of 11 and females at the age of 12. The hit time is generally on Springtime.
The male dolphins during the mating period, compete vigorously in between them to show their strength and size.
They are considered one of the most intelligent species on the planet. Like other cetaceans, the dolphins utilize echolocation,
the dance and the jump to communicate and orientate themselves.